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Color sketch from Evfrosiniia Kersnovskaia's self-illustrated memoirs of camp guard beating her. In the accompanying text, Kersnovskaia recalls how guards took her through the camp's zone to the office of the camp chief. She resisted and one of the guards beat her. She lost consciousness for a moment and when she got up she was told to be present at the camp warden's office.

Black and white photograph of prisoners boarding ship from one Gulag construction site, the Belomorkanal, to another, the Moscow-Volga canal.

Color sketch from Evfrosiniia Kersnovskaia's self-illustrated memoirs of the interior of a prisoner railcar. The image shows passengers on a crowded transport train dealing with normal bodily functions while trying to maintain some sense of the privacy of regular life by holding up a blanket. Kersnovskaia writes in the accompanying text that for people from Bessarabia it was a real torture to deal with these "necessities" in a railcar, because they were brought up to believe that all nakedness was shameful.

Mug shot of prisoner Genrikh Kazimirovich Pozharskii.

Mug shot of N. N. Vinogradov, who was the director of the museum at the Solovetskii camp.

A Black Maria or Black Raven--a truck specially equipped with tiny prison cells for hauling prisoners around while appearing to be a regular delivery truck. This Black Maria is in the collection of the Gulag Museum at Perm 36.

Photograph of two men exiting a "Black Maria," [sometimes translated as a "Black Raven"] a truck specially equipped with tiny prison cells that was designed to appear as a delivery truck.

Photograph of female prisoners shoveling dirt into railroad flatcars taken at BAMlag, the Gulag site engaged in construction of the Baikal-Amur railway.

Photograph of female prisoners working with shovels and wheelbarrows on an excavation site at the construction works at Belomorkanal.

Male and female prisoners using treadle sewing machines in the sewing workshop at Belmorkanal Camp.