Reflections > Survivors

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On September 1, 1939, Hitler attacked Poland from the west, and seventeen days later, in collusion with Nazi Germany (the Hitler-Stalin Pact) the Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east.

In 1940, after my father was arrested and sent to gulag, my American born mother and I were deported to Atbasar in nothern Kazakhstan, where we spent two years in the gulag, enduring cold, hunger and slave labor.

Mary H. JakubowskiMay 03, 2006Link to this Entry