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Karlag camp document, 1937: The document discusses how to avoid cohabitation among prisoners. It is recommended that female and male camp inmates have separate work space.

Karlag camp document, 1931: The document discusses living conditions and work spaces for special resettlements in the northern part of Kazakhstan. The chief of Kazlag, Gorshkov, was ordered to provide the Department of Special Resettlements with inmates.

"Karlag camp document, 1934: This is a lengthy statement which describes general goals of the labor columns, their composition, and the organization of production. It also includes information regarding rights and responsibilities of labor column's head and its financial accounting.

Karlag camp document, 1934: The document discusses the advantages of organizing a new camp labor subdivision named "labor column".

Pencil drawing by Mkrtchan depicting prisoners digging a grave in frozen ground at Ivdellag camp.

Black and white photograph of prisoners breaking up rock and preparing for placement of explosives at Belomorkanal Camp.


B lack and white photograph of male prisoners breaking up rock watched by guards at the construction of Belomorkanal. The 141 mile White Sea - Baltic Sea Canal was largely built with manual labor using precisely the type of crude tools visible in this photograph.


Black and white photograph of a group of men working in the wood shop at the Svirskie camps, Leningradskii region.


Black and white photograph of prisoners clearing and hauling rocks in wheelbarrows from the site of the White Sea Canal.

Black and white photograph of a grandstand decorated with motivational slogans. A group of men in military uniforms lean on the railing while a brass band plays behind them. The gathering celebrates the prisoner "shockworkers." The signs read: "Do no less than 200%; Our record is 250%."