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Karlag camp document, 1939: The document describes the organization of punishment cells and the behavior of a camp kept there. Pregnant, under age, or nursing women were prohibited from being sent to punishment cells.

Line drawing of exterior of camp enclosure with watchtowers at corners.

Black and white photograph of prisoners boarding ship from one Gulag construction site, the Belomorkanal, to another, the Moscow-Volga canal.

Color sketch from Evfrosiniia Kersnovskaia's self-illustrated memoirs of the interior of a prisoner railcar. The image shows passengers on a crowded transport train dealing with normal bodily functions while trying to maintain some sense of the privacy of regular life by holding up a blanket. Kersnovskaia writes in the accompanying text that for people from Bessarabia it was a real torture to deal with these "necessities" in a railcar, because they were brought up to believe that all nakedness was shameful.

Black and white photograph of train standing at station, attended by two station masters, labeled as Solovki Railway passenger coaches.

Black and white photograph of skulls exhumed and arranged in rows. All were victims of Stalin's repression at Donetsk.

Black and white photograph of rear view of Lefortovo Prison, Moscow, showing trucks in back driveway and rear entrances.

This color photograph of the interior of a penalty isolator (ShIzo) cell at Perm 36 illustrates the austere conditions that prisoners endured. Prisoners living in the general barracks could be sentenced to time in the penalty isolator, basically a prison within the camp, for failing to follow camp rules, refusing to work or at the whim of camp guards or administrators.

Photograph of Salekhard-Igarka Prison cell interior taken from hallway.


Photograph of the interior of Lubyanka Prison.